The group aims to investigate the waste management and segregation policy of different units of the University. Furthermore, the group intends to execute comprehensive investigation on the waste management and segregation policy to grasp comparative analysis on the content and procedure of management and policy of different University units. Lastly, the group seeks to provide awareness to the people in UP about the current waste management scheme through publishing adequate information on the facts about the issue.
Significance of the Study
The malfunction of waste management and segregation policy commences the upheaval of campus disturbance that might establish direct correlation to affect students’ health, campus units’ reputation, and also the University as a whole. As a University that upholds honor and excellence, the importance of proper management and policy execution on waste and segregation has to be observed by both students and the administration.
In line with this, the major contribution of this particular research study is (1) the assessment of the feasibility of both students and administration on waste management and segregation policy, and (2) the publication of current and factual situation on the waste management scheme of different U.P.D. units.
Overall Research Design and Methodology
In order to measure the indicators of assessing the variables of the research study, the group highlighted two major research methods, the case study, and expert interview.
On case study, observation and investigation of group members on different units of the University had been performed. Three major indicators were measured: one is the inflow of waste and segregation schemes, second is the observance and compliance, and third is the outflow of wastes and waste management. The units of observation covered fifteen areas, which were selected based on the crowding and frequency of people.
On expert interview, interviewees include Instructor Ma. Brida Lea Diola of ICE, and Ms. Rosie D. Dones of the UPD Task Force Solid Management.
After investigation and observation, the group found out that the management and policy of waste and segregation of the corresponding University units in the campus trailed different schemes and feasibility on managing and regulating waste and segregation processes.
On the following units, there are no segregation: (1) Vanguard, (2) National Center for Transportation Studies, (3) Virata School of Business, (4) Main Library, and (5) Faculty Center (Bulwagang Rizal). On the other hand, on the following units, there are schemes of biodegradable, recyclables, and residuals: (6) College of Science Library, (7)Institute of Biology, (8) College of Home Economics (9)Palma Hall (AS Building) and (10) National Institute of Physics. Furthermore, categories of non-biodegradable were specified which enclosed as “plastic, bottle, cans” and also biodegradable: (11) Palma Hall Annex, and (12) College of Education. Meanwhile, (13) Palma Hall, (14) Kalayaan Residence Hall and (15) Institute of Chemistry have biodegradable and non-biodegradable schemes. Lastly, (16) College of Engineering Library II has the scheme of wet wastes and dry wastes and (17) College of Home Economics has the eco-bin; both are special segregation scheme.
According to Instructor Diola of ICE, there is already an on going waste management and segregation research program namely “Solid and Hazardous Waste Management of UPD.” The objective of this program is to come up with a uniform waste segregation management all over the UPD campus. The said program will be finalized by September this year.
On survey responses of the said program, mostly agreed that they were aware of the waste segregation scheme. On the other hand, respondents diverged to agree upon the adequacy of the scheme. For instance, dormers mostly agreed the adequacy of schemes. Lastly, they mostly denied on their participation on the schemes in different units of the campus.
In terms of volume, the most collected wastes were paper (non-biodegradable) in academic buildings, and paper and food (biodegradable) in dorms.
The program is expected to end on the 14th of September 2014.
On an interview with Ms. Rosie D. Dones of Task Force Solid Management UPD, the MRF Material Recovery Facility is by the virtue of RA 9003. The kinds of waste covered are (1) solid waste which is hazardous, (2) biodegradable, specifically yard waste, falling leaves, coconut, and whatnot, and (3) non-biodegradable which is mostly plastic.
On the treatment of the biodegradable and its process, the facility has shredding machine as an equipment to easily gather all biodegradable wastes. These processed wastes will be added amount of enzymes to be easily decomposed. These will become fertilizers. The excess will be sold for 25 pesos for 2 kg. But still problems emerged as there is no equipment to process coconut wastes to make it more refined to easily decompose.
On the plastics and other non-biodegradable wastes, the proposed is that these wastes should be collected in by the DPWMD in order to become materials for creating bricks but the problem is that there is no machinery for processing. It is indeed an administrative problem. Though collections are in regular basis, lack of machinery remains the basic and major problem of the facility.
The facility also conducts educational discussions on segregation and waste management.
Diola, M.B.L. (2014). Interviewed by Meryl Mae Tan, STS THY, 14 March.
Dones, R. (2014). Interviewed by Meryl Mae Tan & Anna Veronica Cortes, STS THY, 17 March.
Environmental Management Bureau- DENR. (2014). Managing our Solid Waste: An Overview of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, brochure, The Environmental Education and
Information Division, Environmental Management Bureau- DENR.
Information Division, Environmental Management Bureau- DENR.
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